November 25, 2017

Can You be Sued for Non-payment of your Mortgage if You Do Not Reaffirm?

I recently received an email from a blog reader asking about his obligations to his mortgage company when he does not reaffirm:

I have read your blog and you are very through so I write you with hopes that you might answer this question for me. I file Chapter 7  in 08, and did not reaffirm my loan. I am still living in the house and did make some payments. However, i have not for the last 8 months. It is my understanding that I must sign a document to reaffirm and that continuing payment in itself is not a reaffirmation…or?  Well it gets a little more complicated.  My house is valued at $410,000 and the bank has offered me a deal that is going to be hard to refuse. They have agreed to let me do a short re-fi in the amount of 180k.  If I agree to that is that in itself a reaffirmation?

Here is my response: in most cases, when you take out a mortgage loan, you are signing two different types of agreements.  The first type is a promissory note whereby you personally agree to make the payments.  The second type of obligation creates a property lien, meaning that you, as the owner of the property, pledges that property as collateral for the loan.

When you file a Chapter 7 and receive your discharge, your personal obligations are extinguished.  However, a Chapter 7 discharge does not eliminate the mortgage company’s lien against your property.  If you “reaffirm” your mortgage, you are actually reaffirming the promissory note and your personal obligations to pay.

For years, many bankruptcy attorneys advised their clients to avoid signing reaffirmation agreements for mortgages, car loans or any other secured debt.  The reasoning – even without a personal “guarantee” lenders are protected by the property lien.  If the lender is willing to accept payments (the so-called “stay and pay” option), the now discharged debtor keeps his property, keeps making payment, but does not have personal liability on the note. [Read more…]

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